Bullous pemphigoid is an autoimmune skin disorder where fluid-filled blisters appear on the skin. It is a rare condition mostly seen in older adults over the age of 60 to 70 years. Its occurrence in children and younger adults is very rare. Homeopathic medicines for bullous pemphigoid help moderate the overactive immune system. These remedies work in two ways – they help prevent further progression of the disease and help heal the existing blisters and manage the associated itching. Natrum Mur, Anacardium Orientale, and Dulcamara are the top homeopathic remedies used to treat blisters on the skin in bullous pemphigoid.
Typically, our immune system functions to fight against the bacteria, virus and other harmful foreign invaders that enter the human body. They fight infection by producing antibodies. Autoimmune disorder refers to a group of diseases where the immune system of the body starts to destroy the body’s healthy tissue out of a misdirected response (in the absence of any real infection.) In bullous pemphigoid, the immune system begins to damage the skin and lead to blister formation. The particular factor that triggers the autoimmune response in bullous pemphigoid is not clear, but it seems that certain medicines (like etanercept and sulfasalazine), ultraviolet light therapy and radiation therapy may trigger it.
Homeopathic Treatment of Bullous Pemphigoid
Homeopathic medicines can help in treating bullous pemphigoid in a safe, gentle manner. The best suited homeopathic medicine for bullous pemphigoid is selected depending upon the individual case. Prescribing a homeopathic medicine in case of bullous pemphigoid requires a complete analysis and evaluation. Hence medicines for bullous pemphigoid should be taken after consultation with a homeopathic physician and self-medication should be avoided.
Homeopathic Medicines for Bullous Pemphigoid
Natrum Mur – For Bullous Pemphigoid with Blisters Having Clear, Watery Content
Natrum Mur is a natural homeopathic medicine for bullous pemphigoid. For using Natrum Mur in bullous pemphigoid, the key indication is blisters that contain clear and watery content. There may be little itching in the blisters. A burning sensation on the skin may precede blister formation.
Anacardium Orientale – For Bullous Pemphigoid with Multiple Blisters on Skin
Anacardium is a natural medicine prepared from the layer between the shell and kernel of the nut of a plant named Malacca bean or Marking Nut. This plant belongs to natural order Anacardiaceae. Use of Anacardium is considered when multiple blisters appear on the skin. The size of blisters varies from pin-head to pea size. The skin redness is present in a marked degree, and the blisters may be itchy. The itching tends to get worse during the evening. There may be a burning sensation present in the blisters.
Dulcamara – For Bullous Pemphigoid with Blisters on Red, Inflamed Base
Dulcamara is a natural remedy prepared from the fresh green stems and leaves of a plant named Woody Nightshade or Bitter-sweet. This plant belongs to natural order Solanaceae. Dulcamara is indicated for bullous pemphigoid when blisters are present on an inflamed red base. The blisters are as large as the size of a pea. The blisters are widespread over the body, and the skin feels hot and dry.
Populus Candicans – For Bullous Pemphigoid with Large Blisters
Homeopathic medicine Populus Candicans is useful for cases of bullous pemphigoid with blisters that are very large (the blisters may reach the size of a walnut.) These blisters contain a watery fluid. Burning, prickling on the skin may precede blister formation. The skin feels dry and cold in general.
Rhus Tox – For Bullous Pemphigoid with Blisters, Redness, and Itching
Rhus Tox is an effective homeopathic medicine for bullous pemphigoid with blisters present with skin redness. The blisters contain a clear liquid. The blisters are itchy, and the itching tends to get worse after midnight. A burning sensation may be present in the blisters.
Apis Mellifica – For Bullous Pemphigoid with Hives like Rash
Apis Mellifica is a natural treatment for bullous pemphigoid where there are hives like rash present on the skin. There may be raised patches or wheals present on the skin with a marked stinging sensation. Marked itching and intense burning may also be present and cold applications bring relief. Being in the open air also brings relief.
Lachesis – For Bullous Pemphigoid with Bloody Serum in the Blisters
Lachesis is a homeopathic remedy for bullous pemphigoid where there is bloody serum in the blisters. Lachesis is also indicated for large blisters that are initially yellow initially and then turn dark. The blisters may be itchy with a burning sensation.
Merc Sol – For Bullous Pemphigoid with Blisters in the Mouth
Merc Sol is a prominent homeopathic remedy for cases of bullous pemphigoid with blister formation in the mouth. Excessive saliva may be present in the mouth. A metallic, coppery taste in the mouth or an offensive odor is usually present. The mouth may be inflamed and swollen, and the mucous membrane of mouth is red.
Signs and Symptoms of Bullous Pemphigoid
The main presenting feature of bullous pemphigoid is the formation of large blisters on the skin. The diameter of the blisters may be up to 5 cm. The blister contains clear fluid, and when touched, it does not rupture easily. Sometimes slight blood and itching may be present in the blisters. The itching may start a few weeks before blister forms. The blisters mainly appear on the lower abdomen, thighs, and arms. The blisters are located along the skin folds. In severe cases, the blisters may form inside the mouth.
In some cases, a hive-like rash appears. Bullous pemphigoid is not infectious and does not spread by direct skin to skin contact to a healthy person. A severe complication that can arise in bullous pemphigoid is sepsis from infection of the ruptured blisters.