A decrease in the blood platelet count is known as thrombocytopenia. The bone marrow, which is a spongy tissue inside the bones, produces blood platelet cells. These cells circulate in the blood and help in blood clotting. Blood platelet count varies between 1,50,000 and 4,50,000 per micro liter of blood. Dropping of the platelet count below this range is known as thrombocytopenia. Homeopathy treats various diseases by following a holistic approach. Homeopathic treatment for thrombocytopenia is based on the individual symptoms of the person. Dealing with thrombocytopenia under homeopathy requires a detailed case taking. The site of bleeding must be accurately noted. Following this, a complete analysis and evaluation of the case should be done to finalize the homeopathic prescription.
What are the Causes of Thrombocytopenia?
Thrombocytopenia can be inherited or acquired. The term inherited means a genetic transmission of this condition from parents to offspring. Acquired thrombocytopenia implies that the person is not born with this condition, but he has developed it at a later stage. Thrombocytopenia arises either from a decreased production of platelets in the bone marrow or when the destruction of platelets is higher than the rate of its generation. Another reason for thrombocytopenia is the trapping of too many platelets in the spleen which may happen because of an enlarged spleen. A decrease in the production of platelets may arise from cancer, including leukemia and lymphoma; viruses like rubella, mumps, HIV and Epstein-Barr virus; aplastic anemia; excess alcohol intake; inherited syndromes like Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome, thrombocytopenia absent radius syndrome and May-Hegglin anomaly; or decreased production of thrombopoietin by the liver. An increase in the breakdown of platelets may arise from autoimmune diseases like lupus, and is known as immune thrombocytopenia; idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura; thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura; medicines like heparin, sulfa drugs, anticonvulsants; virus like cytomegalovirus, mononucleosis; and pregnancy.
Signs and Symptoms
The signs and symptoms of thrombocytopenia include purpura, petechiae spots, bleeding from the nose and gums, and blood in the urine and stool. Purpura refers to purplish spots or blotches on the skin which are less than 3 mm in diameter. These arise from internal bleeding of small blood vessels. Petechiae are pinpoint hemorrhagic spots, red or purple, on the skin. Other symptoms of thrombocytopenia are prolonged bleeding from wounds, cuts, and excessive bleeding during menses. General weakness and fatigue may also be there. Sometimes a person may suffer from thrombocytopenia without displaying any of these symptoms, and platelets may be found to be low on doing routine blood tests.
Homeopathic Medicines for Thrombocytopenia
Homeopathic medicines for thrombocytopenia include Crotalus Horridus, Iodum, Latrodectus Mactans, Phosphorus, Secale Cor, and Bothrops Lanciolatus. These medicines help in controlling hemorrhages and raising blood platelets. A person should take homeopathic treatment for thrombocytopenia under the supervision of a homeopathic physician. Avoid self-medication.